Facts and figures
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd and Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd announced that they have entered into definitive agreements pursuant to which Sun Pharma will acquire 100% of Ranbaxy in an all-stock transaction. Under these agreements, Ranbaxy shareholders will receive 0.8 share of Sun Pharma for each share of Ranbaxy. This exchange ratio represents an implied value of `457 for each Ranbaxy share, a premium of 18% to Ranbaxy’s 30-day volume-weighted average share price and a premium of 24.3% to Ranbaxy’s 60-day volume-weighted average share price, in each case, as of the close of business on April 4, 2014.
Dilip Shanghvi, Managing Director of Sun Pharma said, “Ranbaxy has a significant presence in the Indian pharma market and in the US where it offers a broad portfolio of ANDAs and first-to-file opportunities. In high-growth emerging markets, it provides a strong platform which is highly complementary to Sun Pharma’s strengths. We see tremendous growth opportunities and are excited with the prospects to create lasting value for both our shareholders through a successful combination of our franchises.”
“We believe this transaction brings significant value to all Ranbaxy shareholders. Sun Pharma has a proven track record of creating significant long-term shareholder value and successfully integrating acquisitions into its growing portfolio of assets. We are confident that Sun Pharma is the ideal partner to help us realize our full potential and are excited to participate in future value creation opportunities,” stated Arun Sahwney, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Ranbaxy.
The proposed transaction has been unanimously approved by the Boards of Directors of Sun Pharma, Ranbaxy, and Ranbaxy’s controlling shareholder, Daiichi Sankyo. Ranbaxy’s board and Sun Pharma’s board have recommended approval of the transaction to their respective shareholders.
Diversified Specialty and Generic Portfolios
The combination will create a large specialty pharmaceutical company with strong capabilities in developing complex products and exploiting first to file opportunities. A combined Sun Pharma and Ranbaxy will have a diverse, highly complementary portfolio of specialty and generic products targeting a spectrum of chronic and acute treatments. The combined business will have a strong portfolio of specialty and generic products marketed globally, including 445 ANDAs. Additionally, the combination will create one of the leading dermatology platforms in the United States.
Enhanced Global Market Presence
The combination creates the fifth-largest generic company in the world and the largest pharmaceutical entity in India. The combined entity will have 47 manufacturing facilities across 5 continents. The transaction will combine Sun Pharma’s proven complex product capabilities with Ranbaxy’s strong global footprint, leading to significant value creation opportunities. Additionally, the combined entity will have increased exposure to emerging economies while also bolstering Sun Pharma’s commercial and manufacturing presence in the United States and India. It will have an established presence in key high-growth emerging markets. In India, it will be ranked No. 1 by prescriptions amongst 13 different classes of specialist doctors.
Financially Compelling Transaction
The acquisition is expected to be accretive to Sun Pharma’s cash earnings per share in the first full year. Additionally, Ranbaxy’s shareholders will participate in the value creation of the combined company through their ownership of Sun Pharma shares. Sun Pharma expects to realize revenue and operating synergies of US$ 250 millionby third yearpost closing of the transaction. These synergies are expected to result primarily from topline growth, efficient procurement and supply chain efficiencies.As part of the transaction, Sun Pharma intends to leverage the human capital that has supported both companies, in order to drive future growth.
Under the agreements, Ranbaxy shareholders will receive 0.8 shares of Sun Pharma for each share of Ranbaxy. This exchange ratio represents an implied value of Rs 457 for each Ranbaxy share, a premium of 18% to Ranbaxy’s 30-day volume-weighted average share price and a premium of 24.3% to Ranbaxy’s 60-day volume-weighted average share price, in each case, as of the close of business on April 4, 2014.The transaction has a total equity value of approximately US$ 3.2 billion.
The transaction is expected to represent a tax-free exchange to Ranbaxy shareholders,who are expected to own approximately 14% of the combined company on a pro forma basis. Upon closing, Daiichi Sankyo will become a significant shareholder of Sun Pharma and will have the right to nominate one director to Sun Pharma’s Board of Directors.
Ranbaxy has recently received a subpoena from the United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey requesting that Ranbaxy produce certain documents relating to issues previously raised by the FDA with respect to Ranbaxy’s Toansa facility. In connection with the transaction, Daiichi Sankyo has agreed to indemnify Sun Pharma and Ranbaxy for, among other things, certain costs and expenses that may arise from the subpoena.
Approvals and Timing
The transaction will need approval by majority in number representing 75% in value of the shares present and voting at the shareholder meetings of each of Sun Pharma and Ranbaxy. Both Daiichi Sankyo (which holds approximately 63.4% of the outstanding shares of Ranbaxy) and promoters of Sun Pharma (who hold approximately 63.7% of the outstanding shares thereof), have irrevocably agreed to vote in favor of the transaction.
Additionally, the closing of the transaction will be subject to customary closing conditions, including approval by the Indian Central Government, approval by the High Courts of Gujarat and Punjab and Haryana, approval by the Competition Commission of India and expiration of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvement Act in the United States. Pending approvals, Sun Pharma anticipates that the transaction will close by the end of calendar year 2014.
Competition Commission of India – Involvement in the deal
As per the press relese of Sun Pharma dated December 5, 2014 (“Order”) by which CCI (Competition Commission of India) has approved the acquisition of Ranbaxy by Sun Pharma, subject to compliance with certain conditions.
CCI – Competition Commission of India are the fair trade watchdog and bigger acquisitions and mergers need to take the approval from them.
Sun Pharma and Ranbaxy had filed the notice with the CCI on 6th May 2014 and sought its approval with respect to the deal. Over the past few months, the CCI has sought information and detailed clarifications for the purposes of making its assessment. One of the preconditions of the Order is that parties procure the divestment of seven products. These products constitute less than 1% of the combined entity’s revenues in India.
Dilip Shanghvi, Managing Director of Sun Pharma said, “The Order of the CCI approving the deal is an important milestone for the transaction. It revalidates our view that the Sun Pharma and Ranbaxy businesses complement each other with limited product overlap, and will offer a comprehensive product basket to enable future growth. We are pleased with the open and transparent manner in which the matter has progressed.” Arun Sawhney, CEO & Managing Director of Ranbaxy said, “The approval by CCI is a significant step forward. We are confident that post closure, the combined entity will enable sustainable long term growth and deliver immense value for all stakeholders.” Sun Pharma and Ranbaxy are looking forward to progressing towards the completion of the transaction and will
comply with the conditions laid down by the CCI within the specified time.